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Glossary of Terms


A parolee who makes himself/herself unavailable for supervision.


A formal request to a higher court for a reversal or change of the judgment of a lower court.


Taking a person into custody by authority of law, for the purpose of charging him/her with a criminal offense or for the purpose of starting legal proceedings.

Back Time

The remaining part of a pre-existing judicially imposed sentence that a parole violator is directed to serve before again being eligible to apply for reparole on that particular sentence. 

Board Action

The written decision rendered by the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole (PBPP/Board) following the Board interview/hearing. (This document is often referred to as the "green sheet" because it used to be printed on green paper.)

Community Corrections Center (CCC)

State owned and operated residences within the community which provide custodial structure which provides strong emphasis on guidance, counseling and transitional services necessary to facilitate re-entry into the community.

Community Contract Facilities (CCF)

Privately owned and operated facilities within the community. These facilities complement existing CCC residency by providing specialized treatment for inmates.

Concurrent Sentence

Sentences being served simultaneously.

Consecutive Sentence

A sentence to be served immediately following the termination of another sentence.

Convicted Parole Violator (CPV)

A parolee who violates parole by committing a new crime.


A written order of the court or paroling agency to hold a person in custody in a correctional facility pending further legal action.


The authorized leave of an inmate from a facility for a period not to exceed seven (7) consecutive days for furthering his/her rehabilitative program.

Execution Warrant

The court order signed by the Governor scheduling the execution of the inmate.

Execution Stay

The order granted by the court granting the inmate a stay from execution pending the hearing of the appeal filed on behalf of the inmate.

General Conditions of Parole

Terms or requirements of parole promulgated by the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole and codified in 37 Pa. § 63.4. These conditions apply to all offenders.


The confinement (held in custody) of a defendant to any federal, state, or local county facility (for example: state prison or county jail).

Interstate Compact

The Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision is a cooperative agreement to promote and facilitate safe, orderly, efficient, and uniform transfer and supervision of adult offenders in the community who are authorized under the rules of this compact to travel across state lines both to and from each compacting state, and, when necessary, return offenders to the originating jurisdictions.

Hearing Examiner

An agent of the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole (PBPP) who is empowered to sit on parole revocation panels, conduct parole hearings in lieu of panels and conduct parole interviews on behalf of the PBPP.

Maximum Sentence

The expiration date of a sentence. 

Megan’s Law

Pennsylvania’s Megan’s Law, 42 Pa.C.S. 9799.1, requires the State Police to create and maintain a registry of persons who have either been convicted of, entered a plea of guilty to, or adjudicated delinquent of certain sex offenses listed in 42 Pa.C.S. 9795.1 and 9795.2. Additionally, the State Police is required to make certain information on registered sex offenders available to the public through its Megan's Law website.

Minimum Sentence

The date in an indeterminate sentence in which the inmate is eligible to be considered for parole.


The person who is being accused of and/or committed the crime.

Oral Comments

Victim comments taken over the telephone by a victim assistance coordinator regarding the victim’s feelings on the offender being considered for release.

Oral Testimony

Victim input audiotaped by Hearing Examiners during a personal meeting and transcribed into written format. Upon completion, the oral testimony is submitted through the Office of the Victim Advocate to PBPP. This right is offered to the registered victim at the offender’s initial interview for parole prior to the offender’s minimum sentence date, upon registration of the victim when the offender’s minimum is past or at the discretion of the Victim Advocate. Oral testimony by practice is recorded only once


A two-member unit of the Board comprised of either two Board members or one Board member and one Board Hearing Examiner that is empowered to make parole release and recommitment decisions.


To release a person from punishment; excused from penalty. The highest form of executive clemency is freeing a person from legal consequences of his crime. The Pennsylvania Board of Pardons' website provides more information on this subject.


The conditional release of an offender from a correctional institution to serve the remainder of the un-expired sentence in the community, under supervision.

Parole Agent

Pennsylvania parole agents are sworn law enforcement officers who uphold the law and safeguard the public from criminal activity during an inmate’s transition from incarceration to the community. Parole agents work primarily in the community, seeing parolees at home, at work and on the streets. They are on call 24/7 to respond to emergencies and urgent problems. Every day, parole agents in our communities are actively supervising offenders by meeting with employers, touching base with counselors, and working with their family members. The parole agents work collaboratively with local law enforcement, treatment providers, social service agencies and a variety of other programs, groups and individuals involved with the parolees.
The parole agent’s duties include:
  • Monitoring the parolee’s behavior and activities 
  • Working to ensure the parolee’s compliance with all laws and the conditions of parole 
  • Assisting the parolee with securing housing and employment, addressing treatment and service needs, and helping the parolee to make a positive adjustment to life in the community 
  • Taking action to enforce the terms of the Parole Board’s release order and the conditions of parole

Parole Violator

Parolee who is recommitted by the Board based on new convictions while on parole or violation of the Board’s technical conditions.

PA Board of Probation and Parole (PBPP/BOARD)

The PBPP consists of nine full-time members, appointed by the Governor, with the consent of a majority of the Senate members, to serve staggered, renewable, six-year terms. Board members are prohibited from engaging in any other employment or political activities. The Governor designates one of the board members to be Chairman.

Revocation Hearing

A fact-finding hearing held by the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole to determine whether an offender violated parole by committing, while on parole, a crime punishable by imprisonment of which the offender has been found guilty or had pleaded guilty or nolo contenders in a court of record.


A monetary or non-monetary commitment on the part of the pepetrator, ordered by the court, whereby the victim or community is compensated for a loss caused by the actions of the individual.


The penalty imposed by a court upon a convicted person.

Special Conditions of Parole

A specific and individualized condition of parole imposed upon an inmate by the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole, institutional or field supervision staff that is in addition to the general conditions of parole.

Special Probation

A probation that is imposed by the sentencing court pursuant to 61 P. S. § 331.17 in which the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole is authorized to provide supervision. The common pleas court retains revocation authority. 37 Pa. Code § 65.1, et sec. 

State Sentence

A sentence of imprisonment for a maximum term of two year or more where the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole retains parole jurisdiction.

Supervision plan

The terms, under which an offender will be supervised, including proposed residence, proposed employment or viable means of support and the terms and conditions of supervision.

Technical Parole Violator

A parolee who violates parole by a breach of the terms and conditions of parole, other than a new misdemeanor or felony crime.